What Is Law?


Law is the system of rules a community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members. Laws may be created by the government or by a community. They are enforced by police and courts. Laws govern such things as property, traffic, and criminal behavior. They can also protect people from exploitation by others. A community may also have laws about how to treat its members, such as the right to privacy or the duty to help strangers in need.

Laws are a crucial part of a stable society, and they are intended to keep the peace and provide a framework for social life. They set standards for the conduct of citizens and regulate what a person can do, such as whether it is legal to eat pork or to speak loudly in public. They are meant to be fair and enforceable for all citizens, regardless of wealth or social status. Laws can be enforced by the police or a court, and sanctions, such as fines or jail time, may be imposed when someone violates them.

Different countries have different systems of laws. Some countries follow the common law tradition, while others have a civil law tradition that dates back to Roman times. There is also a third legal system, the Islamic law. Laws are usually written and voted on by politicians in a legislative body, such as parliament or congress. These groups are elected by the governed (the people who live in the country).

A law is a set of rules that dictates the rights and responsibilities of the members of a society. People often create laws based on personal beliefs or cultural traditions. Religion and religious books, such as the Vedas, Bible, or Koran, are important sources of law in many countries around the world. In most cultures, family and social traditions are a major source of law.

Whenever there is a conflict between a person’s private or business activities and the laws, a judge will decide what the appropriate course of action is. A judge will base his or her decisions on previous rulings in similar cases and will use those as precedents. This principle is known as stare decisis.

Law is also the discipline and profession that studies these laws and how they are applied. A professional who deals with this area is called a lawyer, jurist, or attorney. Lawyers can be transactional, such as those who write contracts, or litigators, who go to court to argue a case in a court of law.

There are many definitions of Law, and these differ widely according to the context and purpose of the word. A tendency to seek definitions which are distinct from those used in other areas of social policy can lead to confusion and controversy. For example, the term “discrimination” is often applied to a wide range of different issues, including racial discrimination, sexual discrimination, and age discrimination, and this can lead to disputes about what the law really means.